30 Kasım 2013 Cumartesi

Yeni Doğanlar İçin Aranağmeler


Güzel çocuk…
Umarım bu dünyaya, ondan çok bir şeyler bekleyerek gelmedin… Zaten gelir gelmez ağlamandan sen de sıkıntılı bir şeyler olduğunu hissetmişsindir.
Doktorlar, bu hadiseyi ciğerlerine ilk defa yakıcı bir madde olan oksijen dolması ile açıklıyorlar ama sana bir sır vereyim: içine dünya dolduğu için ağladın…
(Güzel bir giriş oldu sanırım. “Sır”rı öğreniverdin hemen. Bir büyüğüm söylemişti, her sırrın bir esrarı her esrarın bir tesiri vardır diye. İstemediğin tesirlere maruz kalmayasın diye sırrına sahip çıkman lazım.)
Madem içine dünya dolduğundan ağladın, dünyayı içinden attıkça mutlu olacaksın çocuk… Daha bi adam olacaksın hem. Adam dedik diye feminist ablaların, ağbilerin kızmasın adamlığın cinsiyetle değil insaniyetle –hem de yakinen– alakası vardır.

28 Kasım 2013 Perşembe

Türk Eğitiminin Otolizi ve Hidrolizi Yahut Mutasyonu

Türk Eğitim sistemi hakkında daha önce de bir yazı kaleme almıştık. Gelen tepkiler ve e-postaların ısrarla devam etmesi üzerine Ülkücü Hareket merkezli yine bir eğitim yazısını da kaleme aldık. Eğitim ile bu kadar ilgili ve hassas bir yapımızın bulunması bir öğretmen olarak doğrusu beni tahminlerimden öte bir alaka ile karşı karşıya bıraktı. Süreç içerisinde gelişen diğer gelişmeler ise bu kez yine farklı bir yazıyı eğitim merkezli olarak kaleme almaya bizi itmiş oldu.

Malumunuz gündemimiz son günlerde bir hayli yoğun bir şekilde "dersane meselesi". Bu durum, hükümeti ile malum bir cemaat arasındaki ipleri de gerdi ya da bu şekilde lanse edildi. Malum cemaatin alt kesimlerinde bir telaş ve temaşa hali yok değil. Fakat asıl endişelenmesi gereken üs kesim değil mi? Bu konuda sanıyorum ki hepimiz hemfikirizdir. Onları ise gerçek manada endişelendiren bir durum olmadığı düşünüyorum. Çünkü bir büyüğümün deyimiyle olan bitenlerin "cambaza bak" hadisesi...

25 Kasım 2013 Pazartesi

Aytunç Altındal'a Dair

 

1983'de İsviçre'de MODUS VİVENDİ Kültür Merkezi'ni kurarak 10 yıl yönetti.

1989 yılında Rusya'da Kültür Danışmanlığı görevini yaptı.

1992'de İngiltere Edinburg'taki INTERNATIONAL ACADEMY FOR EUROPEAN AND CHRISTIAN STUDIES akademisinde PROJECT ACADEMIC BOARD (Akademik Proje İdari Heyeti) üyeliğine seçildi. Aynı yıl İngitere'de yayınlanan THREE FACES OF JESUS (Üç İsa) adlı kitabı dünyada yankılar uyandırdı. Daha sonra (1993) Rusça'ya çevrildi.

Alıntı: Öğretmenler Gününde Bir Şehid Öğretmeni Anmak


Neşe, 22 yaşındaydı.Çıtı pıtı,çocuk görünümlü bir kızcağızdı. “Bayrağımızın dalgalandığı her yere giderim” diyor, başka bir şey demiyordu. 

Öğretmen olarak nokta tayininin çıktığı teröre müzahir bölge olan Çavuşlu Köyü’ne ulaşır ulaşmaz, görev yapacağı okula gitti.Hali içler acısıydı. Köy muhtarı ve köyün ileri gelenleriyle konuşup, eksikleri gidermek için yardım istedi. Köylüler isteksizdi. Ancak “Parasını ben vereyim” deyince onarımı başlatabildi. İlk maaşının büyük bölümünü ustalara verdi, gerisini de borçlandı.

1993 yılının 26 Ekim’i...Neşe yorgun argın okuldan eve geldi.Program defterine ertesi günün derslerini yazdı. Biraz dinlendikten sonra babasına “Tamirat işleri yüzünden açıldık. Evde sivri biberimiz var istersen onları kızartalım ekmek ve yoğurtla yeriz” dedi. Henüz bir ocakları yoktu.Biberleri hazırladı,tavayı mavi piknik tüpüne koydu. Ekmek ve yoğurdu masaya bıraktı. Hava iyice kararmış, köydeki köpekler sürekli havlıyor;onun ötesinde uluyordu.

20 Kasım 2013 Çarşamba

Quotation: Princeton University A World History of The World, "Shaping European Impressions of Native Americans"

This week in discussion, we took a look at some early images of the interactions between Spaniards and Native Americans and how they portrayed, or perhaps influenced, the impressions that Europeans had of the Natives encountered in the New World. The images we focused on were pictures of copper engravings done by one Theodor de Bry, a 16th century European engraver.

To understand the impressions of Native Americans depicted in the engravings, it is important to take a look at some of the differences in how the natives and the Spaniards are portrayed in de Bry's pieces. For this particular discussion, we focused on three of his engravings.


The Indians, to satisfy their wickedness, pour molten gold into the mouths of the Spaniards

Quotation: Princeton University A World History of The World, "China: Centralization and its Consequences"

China and the Ming Dynasty in the early 16th century was a powerful, centralized and prosperous country. What is not often mentioned, however, is the fact that they were conceited and uninterested in the changing world around them. They believed that they were the center of the world, and that they were far superior to the “savages” of Europe. This mentality would take centuries to change; as a result of their self-centeredness, China missed numerous benefits that other countries had experienced and opened up vulnerability in a previously powerful empire. China may have been unwilling to learn or interact with the world in the 16th century, but as time went on and trade began, they still maintained a negative perception on foreigners and on foreign exploration for many centuries.

The Ming Dynasty - it could have been so much more

Quotation: Princeton University A World History of The World, "Cultural Perceptions Between China and Europe in the 18th Century: One Trade Policy to Rule Them All"

Gandalf performing his wizardry

In J.R.R. Tolkien’s famous novel, Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers, the author describes a mythical kingdom, Rohan, ruled by a sickly king, who has been possessed by an demon spirit and therefore refuses to join mankind’s struggle against the evil forces of Mordor. The legendary wizard, Gandalf, personally visits this backwards king as an envoy for the various kingdoms of men to compel him to change his mind. However, the king laughs in Gandalf’s face and vehemently refuses after numerous requests. Finally, Gandalf decides he has no choice and casts a spell upon the old king that removes the demon from his soul, returns his youthful vigor, and clears his mind to the error of his once stubborn ways. Rohan then valiantly rides to the defense of mankind.

Quotation: Princeton University A World History of The World, "Newspapers: Enemies of the State, or Allies of the Establishment?"


The history of popular movements is tightly entangled with the development of information technology. It is difficult to imagine the masses gaining any sort of collective consciousness about their grievances, let alone a path to redress without some type of unifying shared narrative to contextualize their experiences. Information technology, encompassing everything from religious dogma to word of mouth to newspapers, can provide that shared narrative.

Quotation: Princeton University A World History of The World, Railroads: the Force or Result of Expansion?

After studying several primary sources from different regions of the world including Russia and China, our team met this past Tuesday and discussed the development of railroad systems in the 19th century and how it influenced various emerging nation states from an economic and imperialistic perspective. Were railroads a greater force for positive economic development or imperialistic expansion? This is difficult to determine, because imperialistic expansion was often tied in with economic interests. However, ultimately I believe that imperialism was the motivating force behind railroad expansion, and that railroads were used primarily as a defensive tool to consolidate already conquered lands, partially through the economic benefits that they provide.

Russia’s history of expansion predates the development of their railroad system. Driven by a desire to create a buffer between them and their rival neighbors to ward off threats and preserve existing boundaries, the Russians pressed into new territories. For example, Russian expansion into the Caucasus Mountains protected Russia from Ottomans and Persian encroachment. They ventured into Persia and Afghanistan to fight the British, and spread into East Asia to compete with China for land just north of Manchuria. After 20 years of battle with the Chinese, the Russians claimed this land and established they key Pacific Ocean port of Vladivostok in 1860. The expanding Russia and their practice of Russification to assimilate the conquered peoples can be compared to the far reaching tentacles of an octopus that sucks anything in reach into its strong grasp, as the map from an English journal depicts below.

Quotation: Princeton University A World History of The World, "Visual Portrayals of Spanish Contact with Native Americans"

For this week's post, we were asked to look at a series of images of the Spanish colonization of the Americas. They were all painted by Theodor de Bry (who never himself left Europe). Thus, they reflect ideas and preconceptions circulating in the 1590s in Europe. While the portrayals are mixed (you can find them below), this blog post will make the argument that while the artist attempted to criticize the Spanish, the impression of civilization vs. barbarity nevertheless makes the Indians appear uncivil. Despite his intentions and mixed messages, the artist portrays the Indians as barbaric, as unable to be governed or converted.

At the time there was confusion in Europe about whether the Native Americans were noble savages or just savages. As we see in the work of Bartolomé de las Casas, the Spaniards claimed their mission was religiously focused. They wanted to convert these “noble” savages, or people who they believed were susceptible to conversion. However, The War of Conquest makes it obvious that they had ulterior motives. These images (2 and 3 especially) do show the Spanish and their cruelty, but the way the Indians are presented throughout points to de Bry’s implicit assumption that they were irredeemable savages.

19 Kasım 2013 Salı

Quotation: Princeton University A World History of The World, China and Europe: Cautious Friends or Intimate Enemies?

This week we were tasked with discussing the nuances of trade between Chinese and European merchants during the 16th century. More specifically, we want know to know what worked, and why. What did the Europeans want from the Chinese that they couldn't acquire elsewhere? Why was there a motive for trade between two very different and very distant peoples?

Out actual forum question was as follows: Having read all the documents, what do you see as the possibilities for trade between China and Europe in the 16th century? What are some possible tensions in the interaction between the two regions?

Our documents, if you don't have access to them, were journal accounts from Matthew Ricci. We'll refer to and explain them more below. We also occasionally reference the textbook or external sources. Citations are at the end of the post.

So, without further ado, lets jump into it!

Tension and Fear

Quotation: Princeton University A World History of The World, "Newspapers and Goverment"

Liberty Leading the People, 1830 
Forum Question: What role did newspapers play in the relationship between government and people? In what ways was the press used to aid or oppose conflicts?

Influence

The rise of newspapers redefined the relationship between people and their government as they not only reported news but also spread ideas, increased public awareness, and influenced political proceedings.

The chief purpose of newspaper reporting is to inform the public. Prior to the newspaper’s rise, people learned of world events by word of mouth, usually disseminating from and supporting the agenda of the government. The newspaper however, directly provided people with details concerning governmental and world affairs, thus freeing them from a reliance on the government to learn of world affairs. Indeed, this independent, seemingly unbiased source of news completely circumvented the government, subjugating their control on the spread of information. Newspapers also helped to spread ideas further and faster. People no longer had to live in cities to learn about “alternative visions for the 19th century.”[1] With the newspaper’s help, they could read about utopian socialism or Marxism whilst in the countryside, allowing the propagation of revolutionary ideals outside of urban centers as well.

Quotation: Princeton University A World History of The World, "Railroads: Imperialism and Industrialization"

Today, we will explore how railroads affected economic development and imperialist expansionism during the 19th century.

Railroads, because they were built willfully within the borders colonial powers and coercively within the boarders of those being colonized, primarily served the economic interest of imperialist nations.

Effects in Industrialized Countries

Self-implemented railroads within a country’s borders during the late nineteenth century to early twentieth century positively impacted national economies. Railroads expedited the movement of more people and material resources over long distances, and centralized economic power. They also served to centralize national governments, facilitating the collection of taxes and the delivering of mail.


9 Kasım 2013 Cumartesi

Alıntı: Internet Karşısında Meshnet


Türkiye’de “Meshnet” olsa, yani bir kişi uydudan internete çıkıp modemi ile internet erişimini mahalleye tıpkı ABD’nin mahalle radyoları gibi ücretsiz dağıtsa fena mı olurdu? Bireysel İnternet için merkezi telekom şebekesine ne gerek var?

Meshnet bilgisayar adresinizi gizleyerek devletlerin ve şirketlerin internette hangi siteye girdiğinizi görmesini engelliyor. İstihbarat örgütlerinin, Google veya Bing gibi web arama motorlarının e-postalarınızı ve sohbet mesajlarınızı okumasını önlüyor. Meshnet’e gerçek kimliğinizi cümle aleme ilan etmeden “anonim olarak” giriyor ve fişlenmekten kurtuluyorsunuz.